Quality Management Tools

There are 7 basic Quality Management Tools.

These were originally formulated by Ishikawa in the 1960’s and 70’s based upon the teachings of E.Deming.

They were classified as being the basic tools needed in Quality Management. They did not require a lot of training to be executed to good effect and were suitable for a multitude of uses such as problem definition, problem analysis, problem solving, etc.

Ishikawa believed that over 95% of problems that would occur in a company could be addressed with these tools.

1.       Cause and Effect Diagram

Also known as Ishikawa Diagram or Fishbone diagram because of its structure, it allows you to analyse the different causes that will lead to an “Effect”. It helps sort out the ideas into categories and to understand the inter-relationship or see-sawing effect between a cause and what will result.  See cause and effect diagram.

2.       Check sheets

This is a generic tool that can be used for a multitude of purposes. The issues are listed in the form and the data is collected for later analysis. See Check sheets.

3.       Histogram

This is one of the most frequent types of charts. They show the distribution of the results or the  distribution f the occurrence of a problem and how frequent each value has occurred.

4.       Pareto Analysis

The Pareto bar chart helps analyse your results and as Pareto said, you will typically find that 80% of the problems were caused by 20% of the causes. To learn how to do a Pareto chart, see here.

5.       Scatter Diagram.

These are used to find a relationship between the results or data you have recorded. The data is mapped in pairs, one variable on each axis.

6.       Control Charts

Control Charts are charts where usually production results are documented. They have limits integrated in the charts to show when action needs to be taken, i.e. production stop, recheck, etc. The results are then statistically evaluated for degree of Control and reliability that no errors are occurring.

7.       Stratification Diagram.

Also known as “Flowchart” or “Runchart” Data is collected from a variety of sources and using this technique, analysed for patterns that might be evident.

Further Quality Management Tools include:

 And a whole pile more. Many of them are included in the Six Sigma Toolbox.

Conclusion: There is a wide variety of QM Tools available. We have listed the 7 basic Quality management tools from Ishikawa as they are the easiest to implement, the most multi-functional and widely known.

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